Business Education Department

  • The following Business Education courses concentrate on providing students with career possibilities, requisite skills for the business world, and subject content for success in a business program at the college level. Some business classes provide the necessary training for successful completion of Advanced Placement (AP) courses or Microsoft Certification Examinations. Many of our business classes also receive through the Middle College Program. Students enrolled in these classes will receive three (3) college credits for each course, in addition to an official college transcript.

    The following courses fulfill the Financial, Economic, Business and Entrepreneurial Literacy graduation requirement: 

    • Personal Financial Literacy (626)
    • Personal Financial Literacy Online (626S)
    • Introduction to Business (613)
    • Career Internship (CIP) (772)

    There can be courses where students may have proficiency in the content from prior or out-of-school programs or experiences. If a student seeks to enroll in a course and has not taken the required pre-requisite at Livingston High School, the student must demonstrate his/her comparable proficiencies to the department supervisor. Students may not enter into a course without successful completion of a required pre-requisite or department supervisor approval. Upon supervisor approval, students will be notified if they are permitted to enter into the requested course. 


    6-12 Supervisor of Business Education/Family & Consumer Science/Technology, Design & Engineering
     

  • Introduction to Business (613)
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 9-10

    Introduction to Business is designed to provide students with a background in all areas of business management including marketing management, finance, economics, and business ethics. Students will write a business plan to launch a new business idea. Personal financial literacy standards covered include banking budgeting, saving and investing careers, and credit. Introduction to Business is a foundation for success in all other business courses and fulfills the Personal Financial Literacy state-mandated graduation requirement.

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  • Computer Applications (623)
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 9-12

    Computer Applications (Microsoft Certification IC3 GS5) is a hands-on computing and technology-driven class designed to deepen students’ understanding of the Microsoft Office Suite and Windows Operating System.  The focus of the course is to prepare students for the Internet and Computing Core/Global Standards (IC3 GS5) Microsoft Certification exam series.

    The IC3 GS5 program ensures working knowledge and skill level required for use of computer hardware, software, networks, and the Internet and is an internationally recognized standard for digital literacy and reflects the most relevant skills needed in today’s academic and business environments.

    LHS is a Microsoft Authorized Testing Center for the IC3 GS5 certification program. Students who earn a minimum of “C” in this course are eligible to receive three (3) credits from Fairleigh Dickinson University which is part of the Middle College Program.

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  • Career Exploration (771)
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 9-10

    This course, a dedicated transition program, prepares students to negotiate between school, post-secondary education, employment, adult living, and living within their community. This course is the first step in formal career exploration within which a special educator provides learning opportunities to expand students’ awareness of their strengths, interests, and preferences in relation to post-secondary transition. Students will have opportunities to explore careers through hands on experiences within the classroom and the school community.

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  • Career Internship Program 1 (CIP) (772)
    This is a dedicated transition program that prepares students to negotiate between school, post-secondary education, employment, adult living, and living within their community. Students enrolled in this course may do so for one or two periods within the school day. Students continue to evaluate their options for post-secondary transition through structured completion of: career and interest inventories, hands-on work in the CIP lab sites including: catering/cooking, retail sales, office occupations, imprinting, engraving, computer graphics, horticulture; and community experiences to explore college and career options. In addition, students will have opportunities to job sample within the school community in preparation for internships and employment within their local community.

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  • Career Internship Program 2 (773)
    Prerequisite:  CIP 1 or assigned at the recommendation of the Child Study Team and is a Resource Center Level course.
    5 or 10 Credits - Full Year - Grades 11-12

    This is a dedicated program that prepares students to negotiate between school, post-secondary education, employment, adult living, and living within their community. The Career Internship Program 2 is designed to assist students in preparing for the challenges they will face as individuals, consumers, employees and family members. The program includes opportunities to integrate academic skills with problem solving strategies while providing hands-on applications of these. The overall focus of the program is to facilitate transition into adult life. Students enrolled in this course may do so one or more periods within their school day. Teachers utilize a multi-disciplinary approach to prepare students for their post-secondary transition with the seven areas of transition as the structure by which students will achieve success. These include: exploration of college and educational options, adult living, daily living, related services, community experiences, employment, and functional vocational. Opportunities to continue work in the CIP lab, the school community, and the local community are provided to assist students in learning the skills necessary to navigate the work and/or school environment. This course provides daily opportunities for students to develop job appropriate behaviors while interacting with co-workers and supervisors.

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  • Community Based Instruction (CBI) (006)
    Prerequisite:  This course is assigned at the recommendation of the Child Study Team and is a Resource Center Level course.
    5 or 10 credits - Full Year - Grades 9-12

    This course prepares students for independent living and successful contribution to their home and community. The classroom, designed to teach daily living skills, has an apartment with fully functional kitchen, laundry facility, closets, a living room, in addition to an academic space for learning. The course is linked to functional academics, which are taught through direct instruction, then applied and practiced in the community. Social skills and daily living skills are embedded into all instruction. Experiences include, but are not limited to shopping at local stores, budgeting and banking, working in a real business, as well as leisure and recreational activities. Students first begin practical application by having jobs throughout the school building as an opportunity to learn and master skills. Students then practice acquired skills in the community, including use of public transportation in order to access all that Livingston and the surrounding communities have to offer. Through career exploration and exposure to various employment opportunities, students are encouraged to find their own path.

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  • Accounting 1 (621)
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 10-12

    Accounting 1 is designed to provide students with an in-depth understanding of financial accounting concepts and procedures that will enable them to complete manual and computerized accounting applications. This course uses a college textbook and includes topics such as the accounting cycle, cash transactions, inventory control, depreciable assets, accounting for small businesses and uncollectible accounts. Students also develop an understanding of the financial activities of service and merchandising businesses, as well as competencies in managing personal affairs and participate in a stock market simulation.

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  • Accounting 2 (632)
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Accounting 1.5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 11-2

    Accounting 2 continues with the study of financial accounting and introduces managerial accounting. This course uses a college textbook and includes topics such as the analysis and interpretation of financial statements, the treatment of tangible and intangible assets, calculation of payroll, an in-depth study of corporate accounting and an overview of cost systems. Analysis of actual corporate records and investigation of stocks and bonds as investments are explored. Students will complete an accounting simulation and create their own merchandising company in Quickbooks Accounting Software. As a dual enrollment course, students who earn a minimum grade of “C” in Accounting 2 are eligible to receive three (3) credits from Fairleigh Dickinson University, which is part of the Middle College Program.

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  • Cooperative Work Experience (CO-OP) (642)
    10 Credits - Full Year - Grades 11-12

    Cooperative Work Experience (Co-op) is a structured course/program that combines classroom-based learning with practical work experience so students can earn while they learn. The co-op program combines a required minimum of 540 hours of on-the-job, supervised work experience with a related theory class that meets in school for 1 period. Students can schedule up to 2 additional afternoon periods so they can leave the campus and engage in their work/ job. An evaluation is conducted each marking period, by the training site supervisor and the teacher-coordinator to ensure that the internship is a meaningful learning experience. Students must be able to drive (or arrange transportation) to their worksite.

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  • Business Law 1 (635)
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 10-12

    Business Law 1 is designed to provide students with a comprehensive approach to the study of law and how it relates to business and legal issues. Topics include the origin and development of our laws; an overview of the structure of various legal systems; laws pertaining to minors, especially legal relationships with the police; and an introduction to civil and criminal procedures. In-depth studies with lawyer discussions involving torts, negligence, criminal justice, contracts, property and negotiable instruments also are included. Two classroom mock trials are held during the year with one mock trial being held in a courtroom. Students are encouraged to participate in the NJ Bar Association Mock Trial competition. This course is of special benefit to those planning to major in business administration or law in college.

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  • Business Law 2 (638)
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Business Law 1.
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 11-12

    Business Law 2 focuses on Personal and Contract Law and its effect and relationship to consumers and business. The course will explore the Legislature and Court role in regulating and monitoring businesses engaged in: banking, retail sales, investment, manufacturing, internet sales, and service industries. Students will gain an understanding of why and how contracts are used in business through case study analysis, moot court, student presentations, guest speakers, internet application, film viewing, and debates. This course is of special benefit to those planning to major in business administration or law in college.

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  • Entrepreneurship (636)
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 11-12

    Entrepreneurship is designed to help students gain an understanding of the business principles necessary to start and operate a business. Students will identify and assess common traits and skills found in entrepreneurs, explore business opportunities, and compare the risks and rewards of owning a business. The primary focus of the course is to help students develop the skills needed to effectively organize, create, and manage their own business. Each student will develop a written business plan for a business of their choice. In the spring, students will have the opportunity to apply their entrepreneurial skills in a virtual business simulation. This course does not fulfill the Personal Financial Literacy graduation requirement.

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  • Marketing (634)
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 10-12

    This course is for those interested in pursuing a career in marketing, advertising, market research, sales or general business management. It is designed to develop an understanding of the concepts and strategies needed to create an effective marketing effort for a product or service. In addition to the development of a marketing plan, students will plan, create and produce advertising campaigns which will include all major media including television, print and digital/social channels. Sports and entertainment marketing will also be examined over the course of the year. As a dual enrollment course, students who earn a minimum grade of “C” in Marketing are eligible to receive three (3) college credits from Fairleigh Dickinson University which is part of the Middle College Program.

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  • Microsoft Office Specialist (625)
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 10-12

    Students in this course receive in-depth training in the Microsoft Office Suite of programs; Access, Excel, PowerPoint, and Word.  As a result of this training, students will be prepared to take the Microsoft Office Specialist Certification (MOS) exams in any of the programs.  MOS certification is the globally recognized standard for validating expertise with the Microsoft Office Suite of programs.  LHS is a Microsoft authorized testing center for the MOS program.  As a dual enrollment course, students who earn a minimum grade of “C” in Microsoft Office Specialist are eligible to receive three (3) college credits from Fairleigh Dickinson University, which is part of the Middle College Program.

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  • Global Business (640)
    Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Introduction to Business and any one of the following courses:  Accounting 1, Business Law 1, Computer Applications, Entrepreneurship, Marketing, or Web Design.
    5 Cedits - Full Year - Grades 11-12

    Global Business is a capstone course designed to provide students with the skills and knowledge required to succeed in the global business world.  Students are exposed to the various departments found within corporate culture by participating in a virtual business, the Virtual Enterprises International (VEI) simulation, with other students around the globe.  Emphasis is placed on using current business software, communications, and the Internet for business transactions.  As a culmination of this year-long course, students will analyze, interpret, and present an annual business report which is a reflection of the year’s activities and used as a tool for future projection and planning.  In addition, they will leave the course with an individually created portfolio that has been used to assess their performance and will convey their roles, abilities, and skills they have gained through taking the course.

    As a dual enrollment course, students who earn a minimum grade of “C” in Global Business are eligible to receive three (3) college credits from Fairleigh Dickinson University, which is part of the Middle College Program.  Students must complete an application to apply to a specific department where they will focus and specialize.  Areas of specialty include:  Finance, Human Resources, Information Technology, and Marketing/Sales.

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  • AP - Economics (650)
    Prerequisite:  AP Economics application is required.
    5 Credits - Full Year - Grades 11-12

    Completion of a summer assignment is required for this course.
    The Advanced Placement Economics program is designed for students who possess special interests in the field of economics and who plan to seek advanced standing upon admission to college.  The course covers two distinct sections:  microeconomics and macroeconomics.  Each section is intended for qualified students who wish to complete a secondary school equivalent to a one-semester college introductory course in micro or macroeconomics.  Students will be prepared to take both AP Economic Examinations:  Microeconomics and Macroeconomics.  It is expected that all students take one, if not both, of the AP Economics exams in May.

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  • Economics (633)
    2.5 Credits - Semester - Grades 10-12

    Economics is a course designed to build economic literacy and to illustrate economic cause and effect.  Students will focus on developing knowledge of economic theory and principles, the American economy, the economic influence of government policies and procedures, and the skills needed to apply this knowledge to their own lives.  Students will apply this knowledge to specific examples in the form of class activities and simulations.  It is strongly recommended that students take this course before enrolling in AP Economics.  Presentation skills are promoted through collaborative activities in the form of group work.  This course does not fulfill the Personal Financial Literacy graduation requirement.

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  • Investing (614)
    2.5 Credits - Semester - Grades 10-12

    Investing is a study of the major types of investment securities and markets in which trades can be made.   The course will address the mechanics of making an investment, including basic analytical and valuation techniques for a stock, along with a survey of investing resources, terms, and descriptions. Upon completion of this half year course, students will be able to define the basic principles for creating a portfolio through understanding various types of investment vehicles.  Students will apply this understanding to a global stock market competition and conduct deeper analysis of stocks, bonds, and cryptocurrencies.

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  • Personal Financial Literacy (626)
    2.5 Credits - Semester - Grades 11-12

    Personal Financial Literacy is a state-mandated graduation requirement for all students.  This course focuses on the five separate strands of personal finance which include income and careers; money management, credit and debt management, planning, saving, and investing; becoming critical consumers; citizen financial responsibility; and risk management and insurance.  This course is designed to assist students in recognizing their financial responsibilities today and those they will encounter in the future.  Topics include developing knowledge of banking, credit, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and real estate.  Real-life, real-time assignments and investment challenges are examples of projects designed for this course. 

    The following courses fulfill the NJ graduation requirement for Personal Financial Literacy:

    Personal Financial Literacy (626)
    Personal Financial Literacy – Online (626S)
    Introduction to Business (613)
    Career Internship Program (CIP) (772)

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  • COMING IN 2020
    Personal Financial Literacy - Online (626S)

    2.5 Credits - Semester - Grades 11-12

    Personal Financial Literacy is a state-mandated graduation requirement for all students. This online option allows students to take the course with a Livingston High School business educator. Students who take Personal Finance (online option) should be self-motivated and independent workers.  This course focuses on the five separate strands of personal finance which include income and careers; money management, credit and debt management, planning, saving, and investing; becoming critical consumers; citizen financial responsibility; and risk management and insurance. This course is designed to assist students in recognizing their financial responsibilities today and those they will encounter in the future. Topics include developing knowledge of banking, credit, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and real estate. Real-life, real-time assignments and investment challenges are examples of projects designed for this course.

    The following courses fulfill the NJ graduation requirement for Personal Financial Literacy:

    Personal Financial Literacy (626)
    Personal Financial Literacy – Online (626S)
    Introduction to Business (613)
    Career Internship Program (CIP) (772)

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  • Sports and Entertainment Marketing (615)
    Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Marketing.
    2.5 Credits - Semester - Grades 11-12

    Sports and Entertainment Marketing is a one semester course designed to provide students with an understanding of marketing concepts, foundations, and functions as they relate to career opportunities in the growing area of sports and entertainment.  Instruction will focus on public relations and publicity, event planning and marketing, sponsorship, venue design, concessions, risk management, product planning, licensing, ticket sales, and distribution.

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  • Web Design (627)
    2.5 Credits - Semester - Grades 10-12

    Students in this half-year course will be able to plan and produce a business website focused on the marketing and sales of a product or service, or develop and Electronic Career Portfolio.  Students will follow the website development process of providing a written website purpose statement, identifying a target audience, selecting the website structure, and finally, determine content and design.  Students will learn how to create a website in various platforms such as Google Sites, Weebly, Wix, WordPress, and Dreamweaver, while learning basic HTML and CSS. 

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