STEAM Project: MagnetometersGrade 6 Science Unit: Space SystemsMS-ETS1-1. Define the criteria and constraints of a design problemMS-ETS1-2. Evaluate competing design solutionsMS-ETS1-3. Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differencesPart 1: Space ChallengesSpace presents many unique challenges. Read about the Apollo 13 mission. When done, turn and talk to your group about the article. Be sure your group can answer the following questions:
- What was the original goal of the mission?
- What was the problem?
- What were the effects of the initial problem?
Houston, we have a problem...Designing Under PressureNASA's Finest HourThis clip shows how NASA dealt with the Carbon Dioxide problem on the craft using only the materials available to the astronauts.Part 2: MarsMars has always been a source of fascination for humans. Read about Mars and take notes. What are the features that would help humans on Mars?Then explore Mars via NASA's Martian tour.Terraforming MarsTerraforming Mars (changing Mars to make it possible for human colonization) necessitates three major changes: building up the magnetosphere, building up the atmosphere, and raising the temperature.
The Big Idea: Making Mars the New EarthPart 3: MAVENWe are exploring Mars to see what happened to its atmosphere, to gain insight into its climate, find liquid water, and uncover its prospects for habitability.Mars MAVEN (image left) is a space probe launched in 2013. The mission is exploring the Red Planet’s upper atmosphere, ionosphere and interactions with the sun and solar wind. Magnetic Fields
Read about Magnetospheres Answer the questions:
- Why is the Earth's magnetosphere important?
- Why would we be interested in a Martian Magnetosphere?
MAVEN MagnetometersThe MAVEN is equipped with magnetometers. A magnetometer is an instrument used for measuring magnetic forces.MAVEN finding:
Part 4: STEAM ChallengeNow that you know about MAVEN and our search for magnetism on Mars, NASA needs YOUR help! The magnetometers on MAVEN have malfunctioned. We need to create a new, smaller, handheld magnetometer to scan the Martian surface (for a robotic arm).
- Why does Mars no longer have an atmosphere?
- How does this relate to the magnetosphere?
TaskYou will create a magnetometer that is able to detect any magnetism on the Martian surface. You will use the design loop model to work on the project.
RequirementsYour magnetometer must differentiate between weak and strong magnetic spots. These spots will be plotted on a grid map.
Grid Map of Martian Surface
- The device must be able to be carried by one person.
- The device can only use the materials listed below.
- The device can not spill or leave anything behind.
Materialscraft sticksrubber bandsstrawsstringaluminum foilsteel woolplastic wrapcups (assorted)cardboard piecessteel wool padsiron filingswater bottlespaperToolsScissorsRulersTapeGlueDorian Gemellaro
Last Modified on April 21, 2017